Dry eye syndrome (DES) is a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Its consequences range from minor irritation to the inability to wear contact lenses and an increased risk of corneal inflammation and eye infections.
Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye
- Persistent dryness
- Burning sensation
- Foreign body sensation
- Watery Eyes
What Causes Dry Eyes?
There are two things that usually cause Dry Eye. First, dry eye syndrome occurs when the tear glands that moisturize the eye don’t produce enough tears sometimes it is that the tear glands that moisturize the eye don’t produce enough tears, or the tears have a chemical composition that causes them to evaporate too quickly.
Dry eye syndrome has several causes. It occurs:
It could be that you are just getting older. Dry eye syndrome is often part of the natural aging process especially among women over age 40.
Often dry eye is a side effect of many medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, certain blood pressure medicines, Parkinson’s medications and birth control pills.
It could also be environmental if you live in a dry, dusty or windy climate with low humidity.If your home or office has air conditioning or a dry heating system, that too can dry out your eyes. Another cause is insufficient blinking, such as when you’re staring at a computer screen all day.
Dry eye syndrome is more common in women, possibly due to hormone fluctuations. Recent research suggests that smoking, too, can increase your risk of dry eye syndrome. Dry eye has also been associated with incomplete lid closure following blepharoplasty – a popular cosmetic surgery to eliminate droopy eyelids.
Treatment for Dry Eye
There are many treatment options available for combating dry eyes. Please visit http://www.calgarydryeye.com for more information or call our office to book your consultation today to start to relieve your symptoms of dry eye!