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Home » News » The Most Common Eye Diseases in Children & Adults

The Most Common Eye Diseases in Children & Adults

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Regardless of our age, over time our eyes keep changing, and this affects our vision. Your eye doctor can detect these changes and identify eye conditions or diseases early enough to treat them and prevent vision loss. Read on to learn more about common eye conditions and diseases one may encounter.

Eye Conditions and Diseases in Adults

Cataracts

If your vision is starting to get blurry, you may be developing cataracts. Protein buildup on the once-clear crystalline lens, a small transparent disc inside your eye, creates cloudy patches. Over time these patches become bigger and, if left untreated, can eventually lead to blindness.

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss among seniors. This happens when the small central portion of your retina, called the macula, no longer functions effectively as the retinal nerves and blood vessels start to deteriorate. The sooner AMD is diagnosed, the higher the chances of maintaining your clear vision.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. This damage is usually permanent and often caused by abnormally high pressure in your eye. It can lead to significant vision loss, including blindness. Early intervention can often prevent or limit vision loss.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina. These blood vessels can swell and leak into the back of your eye. Left untreated, this can rapidly lead to vision loss, even blindness. Keeping blood sugar levels under control and careful monitoring by your eye doctor can prevent or limit the damage.

Eye Conditions and Diseases in Children

Refractive errors

Refractive errors like myopia (nearsightedness) and hyperopia (farsightedness) cause blurry vision. Prescription glasses and contact lenses can correct your child’s refractive error.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, can occur when one eye does not develop the same level of visual acuity, depth perception, or visual skills as the other eye. Children  can develop amblyopia if they do not get treated early for problems like refractive errors, strabismus (misaligned eyes), droopy eyelids, or cataracts.

Strabismus

Strabismus occurs when there is a misalignment between the two eyes and they point in different directions, This occurs in about 4% of children. One eye may look straight ahead while the other turns in, out, up or down. Strabismus needs to be treated as soon as possible. Without treatment, the brain may ignore the crossed eye to avoid double vision, potentially leading to vision loss in that eye.

Cataracts

This is when the eye’s normally clear lens gets cloudy. Older people mostly get cataracts, but some children are born with them or acquire them following an eye injury. Most need surgery to remove a cataract and see clearly again.

Regular comprehensive eye exams are essential to keeping your eyes healthy and identify problems as early as possible. To schedule your appointment, contact Airdrie today.

At Browz Eyeware, we put your family's needs first. Talk to us about how we can help you maintain healthy vision. Call us today: 587-600-0644 or book an appointment online to see one of our Airdrie eye doctors.

Frequently Asked Questions with Dr. George Fung

Q: Can you request lenses made from glass? Is glass still used for lenses?

  • A: Yes. Opticians still sometimes use glass for lenses. However, glass is not used very often because they aren’t as safe. If these glass lenses breaks, they can shatters into many pieces and can injure the eye. Glass lenses are much heavier than plastic lenses, so they can make your eyeglasses less comfortable to wear.

Q: Can a coating be added to eyeglasses to protect them from further scratches?

  • A: A protective coating can’t be added to a lens after it’s scratched. The coating is applied when the lens is manufactured and can’t be put on later.

Quality Frames For Prescription Eyeglasses & Computer Glasses In Airdrie, Alberta. Visit Browz Eyeware for an eye exam and eyeglasses that match your style.

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